By Celia Lebur, AFP/Lagos
More than 20mn Nigerians yesterday scrambled to prepare for lockdown in sub-Saharan Africa’s biggest city Lagos and the capital Abuja, as the continent struggled to curb the spread of coronavirus.
President Muhammadu Buhari has ordered a two-week “cessation of all movements” in the key cities from 2200 GMT to ward off an explosion of cases in Africa’s most populous country.
Businesses are to be shuttered, non-food shops closed and people made to stay at home as the authorities look to track down possible carriers of the disease after reporting 111 confirmed cases and one death so far.
Enforcing the restrictions in sprawling Lagos will be a mammoth challenge as millions live crammed into overcrowded slums and rely on daily earnings to survive.
In the ramshackle outdoor markets of Lagos Island anxious locals complained they did not have the money to stock up, while at higher-end supermarkets better-off residents queued to buy supplies.
“Two weeks is too long. I don’t know how we will cope,” said student Abdul Rahim, 25, as he helped his sister sell foodstuffs from a stall in Jankarra market. “People are hungry and they won’t be able to stock food.”
City authorities have pledged to provide basic provisions to 200,000 households but the central government in Africa’s leading oil producer is already facing financial strain as the price of crude has collapsed.
The streets of Ghana’s capital Accra were also empty as most people in two key regions appeared to be following a presidential order to stay indoors after it went into force overnight.
Dozens of nations around Africa have imposed restrictions on movements, ranging from night-time curfews to total shutdowns.
The UN yesterday called for a $2.5tn aid package to help developing countries weather the pandemic, including debt cancellation and a health recovery “Marshal Plan”.
Experts warn that Africa is highly vulnerable to Covid-19, given the weak state of health systems across the continent.
The number of infections still lags far behind Europe but testing has been limited and the figures are growing rapidly.
Angola and Ivory Coast on Sunday became the latest countries to record their first deaths, bringing the number of African fatalities to around 150 of nearly 4,800 recorded cases.
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, two new cases were reported in the volatile South Kivu region and an adviser to the nation’s president announced he had tested positive.
Kenya, which now has 50 reported cases, yesterday confirmed that it now had community transmission of the coronavirus.
Police in South Sudan, one of a few nations in Africa yet to confirm a case, enforced strict new rules, shutting shops selling non-essential items and limiting passengers in public transport.
Mauritius, which has 128 cases — the worst in East Africa — has extended its lockdown to April 15.
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